Sexual Violence in Wartime and Peacetime
Quelle: The Asia-Pacific Journal | Japan Focus Volume 19 | Issue 5 | Number 9 | Article ID 5552 | Mar 01, 2021
Mit freundlicher Erlaubnis von Japan Focus
Sexual Violence in Wartime and Peacetime:
Violence Against Women in the 20st Century
translated and with an introduction by Caroline Norma
In this article, translated and abridged (with an introduction) by Caroline Norma, Morita advances a view of the “comfort women” system not simply as an isolated war crime, but as an extreme symptom of institutionalised, pervasive and persistent violence against women that extends to peacetime as well as wartime. Norma argues that Morita’s paper, first published in 1999, prefigures a “feminist turn” in interpretation of the comfort women system that has more recently been embraced by Yoshimi Yoshiaki, Kim Puja and other scholars and activists. Both Norma and Morita argue that the comfort women system can only be understood in the context of ingrained societal attitudes towards women, and that it is therefore closely related to phenomena such as pornography and the commercial sex industry. For both scholars, campaigning for recognition of wrongs committed against comfort women in the past is thus intimately linked to efforts to abolish institutionalised violence and discrimination against women in the present. ....