2019: AI - Meinungsfreiheit

Quelle:  AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL Deutschland e. V.
Pressestelle . Zinnowitzer Str. 8 . 10115 Berlin
www.amnesty.de

BEIJING’S “RED LINE” IN HONG KONG
RESTRICTIONS ON RIGHTS TO PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND ASSOCIATION

Amnesty International is a global movement of more than 7 million people who campaign for a world where human rights are enjoyed by all. Our vision is for every person to enjoy all the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards. We are independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion and are funded mainly by our membership and public donations.

CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
1. BEIJING’S “RED LINE” IN HONG KONG 
1.1 THE SINO-BRITISH JOINT DECLARATION AND THE BASIC LAW 
1.2 NATIONAL SECURITY LEGISLATION 
1.3 THE WHITE PAPER ON “ONE COUNTRY, TWO SYSTEMS” 

2. OCCUPY CENTRAL AND THE UMBRELLA MOVEMENT 
2.1 THE MOVEMENT’S BEGINNINGS 
2.2 POLICE USE OF FORCE AND INACTION 
2.3 ASSOCIATED ARRESTS 

3. CROSSING THE “RED LINE” 
3.1 RESTRICTIONS ON FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION 
HONG KONG NATIONAL PARTY 
DEMOSISTŌ 
HONG KONG CONFEDERATION OF TRADE UNIONS 
HONG KONG ALLIANCE IN SUPPORT OF PATRIOTIC DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENTS OF CHINA 
3.2 CENSORSHIP AND SELF-CENSORSHIP 
TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS 
NGOS 
MEDIA
THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY 
3.3 DETENTION OF MISSING BOOKSELLERS IN MAINLAND 
3.4 ADMINISTRATIVE RESTRICTIONS ON PROTESTS 
PUBLIC ORDER ORDINANCE 
ENFORCEMENT OF THE PUBLIC ORDER ORDINANCE 
3.5 POLICE USE OF FORCE AND INACTION 
PHYSICAL VIOLENCE
OBSTRUCTION, HARASSMENT AND INTIMIDATION 
3.6 PROSECUTIONS 
PUBLIC ORDER ORDINANCE AND CHARGES FREQUENTLY MISUSED 
SEEKING THE MAXIMUM PENALTY

4. THE EXTRADITION BILL PROTESTS 
4.1 UNNECESSARY AND EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE BY POLICE ON 12 JUNE 
4.2 DECLARING THE PROTESTS ON 12 JUNE A “RIOT” 
4.3 ARRESTS 
4.4 POLICE INACTION 

5. INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS 
5.1 FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION 
5.2 FREEDOMS OF PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND ASSOCIATION 

6. CONCLUSION 
RECOMMENDATIONS 

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